relive the past rich in art, history and culture
Small, secluded, and enchanting, Lucca is wrapped in the embrace of its walled ramparts, built between the 16th and 17th centuries and transformed in the early 19th century into a shady walk, from whose height you can enjoy the view over the rooftops and monuments of the city.
Today a dynamic centre, home to numerous events and events (including for example the annual “Lucca Comics and Games” event and the “Puccini and his Lucca Festival”, the only permanent musical festival in the world), inside the mighty perimeter of the red walls that surround it, Lucca jealously preserves the image of an ancient and harmonious city state, which you can see the whole of for example from the Guinigi Tower, or by climbing the 207 steps of the even higher Tower of the Hours.
The strongest reminder of the layout of the Roman town is the ellipse of the arena of the amphitheatre, which has now become one of the most beautiful squares in Italy, the “closed” and picturesque Piazza dell’Anfiteatro; where the Roman forum stood, on the other hand, the centre of life in ancient Lucca, we find today the beautiful Church of San Michele in Foro, one of the most typical examples of Pisan-Lucchese architecture; finally, the Roman decumans follow the two main axes of the centre, Via Fillungo and Via San Paolino/Santa Croce.
The other narrow and evocative streets of the city lead up to Piazza Napoleone and the unequalled monumental complex of the SS. Giovanni and Reparata, while the nearby Cathedral of San Martino, the main religious monument of the city and a magnificent example of Romanesque Renaissance, preserves the Sarcophagus of Ilaria Del Carretto, a masterpiece by Jacopo della Quercia.
Lucca is an illustrious and tidy city, immersed in a landscape of olive trees and clearly outlined hills. It is set in an excellent position, a few kilometres from the sea and the coast bordered by the beaches of Versilia, and from areas rich in history and nature such as the Lunigiana and the Garfagnana, as well as the majestic, solitary, imposing Apuan Alps, whose white marble peaks make a suggestive backdrop.
Precisely between Versilia and Apuane, an important territory in the Renaissance due to the presence of marble deposits and iron and silver mines, on the borders of the State wanted by Cosimo I, stands the Palazzo Mediceo di Seravezza, a sign of the Medici’s drive to affirm their hold in Tuscany.